Investor Presentation

This is an investor presentation pitch that I made in collaboration with two other team mates at the business school. The idea about a good investor presentation goes beyond the color scheme and the number of slides. It is in essence built upon the storyline that you put forward. To build a credible story around your recommendation is very important – you can’t expect everyone to know about the company or industry you’re talking about as much as you do. So, make sure you have everyone’s interest.

Look out for many more tips coming about on how to handle investor pitch/presentations.

Valuation Model for an Oil & Gas E&P Company

This is a valuation model of a leading petroleum company operating in Pakistan, Pakistan Petroleum Limited. You can clearly see how this comprehensive model entails working on each individual component of the business, for instance, production and sales separately eventually building up within the model.

Although many businesses are based on simpler models, and are handled very differently from this one, some analysts focus on the complexity and predicting each individual tiny component so much that they lose sight of the big picture. I will be talking about how to go about modeling in some of the future posts where you will get to learn the to-dos and not-to-dos of the modeling world. It is always best to keep things simple, which can make life easier for everyone and increase utility of the financial model many folds.


In the world of finance, handling MS Excel is expected to be an individual’s second-nature. When I see a cross-section of new and old graduates in finance, business administration and accounting, it becomes clear that this is one edge to the newer graduates which differentiates them, increases their productivity and improves their decision-making support.

MS Excel might have just grown out a simple spreadsheet system of the 80s, or 90s, but it is not just that anymore. Financial analysis, reporting, critical business operation assessment and financial modeling utilizing debt and equity modeling using proforma statements and financial forecasting, all start and end on Excel.

I’ll try to write, post videos and talk about various tools, approaches and ideas that one could utilize to effectively use Excel to prove their Excellence. So hang on and keep visiting!

Importance of volunteering

In this day and age where everyone seems to be busy with their lives so much that none of us find enough time for everything that we would like to. In many ways, we have overcomplicated many facets of our lives so much that we sometimes lose that touch with reality.

People who are privileged to go through the education system are also trained to prepare themselves for the corporate work life, where no one has time for no one. In this rush, people tend to develop an indifference to many things around them. They tend to develop a sort of one-track mind on most of the issues they are surrounded with.

During this rush, many people don’t recognize the exact opportunity volunteer work offers. The very skills and traits that most people run after to develop – interpersonal skills, confidence, passion and compassion, audacity, vision and a sense of connection with the audience – are all very well developed through volunteering. Some people I have met tell me that it’s such a waste of time that it should be avoided or that we’re always so busy that we can’t just volunteer now. On asking further, I have mostly come to know it is usually those people who have never volunteered themselves for any cause.

When we volunteer for the first time, we have different views on it depending on at which age we start to volunteer, the volunteer opportunity being in our area of interest and our other responsibilities. In my opinion, one should start volunteering with the leading organizations at an early age. Scouting could also be a great start for young ones, as this exposes you the real world in a protected environment. People who have volunteered a lot know about the range of different organization types, organizational hierarchies and functions and they get to connect with people in the same area of interest who also have an urge to share their time and abilities without any commercial end in mind. I would say you could get very good friends and contacts by volunteering since you would meet people from all walks of life and unlike commercial organizations where hierarchies dictate who’s senior, dedication, commitment and hard work differentiates volunteers from the rest in the club. Moreover, one can learn a lot of managerial abilities by volunteering their time – the earlier you start doing it, you would realize the better it turns out to be.

Beyond all these reasons, the most important reason is that the experience where you get to help people, develop compassion and learn to appreciate the diversity and problems of others around you. This is a very humbling experience in itself and I think, it’s a reason enough to volunteer!

The basis of trust

Relationships are often based on trust. In some cultures, mutual trust is of utmost importance, to the extent of even economic loss in the short term. For instance, generally Japanese companies look for mutual trust and put relationships at the forefront of financial matters. Whereas financial numbers are very important, however, they would like to do business joint ventures and partnerships based on compatible relationships. In other cultures, relationships, especially commercial ones develop mostly through economics of the projects.

The question, however, remains what is trust based on?

It is based on performance vis-a-vis expectations. I ask you to do a certain thing and you over-deliver to the extent that I am impressed. The very moment I nurture some more trust on you. So, it would not impress me to the similar extent if you really performed exactly the same task the same way but my expectations were aligned higher there. People love positive surprises, it just sends in an adrenaline rush through the brain that amplifies excitement and happiness together.

How do you make the most out of this simple human psychology? You can benefit out of it by under-committing and over-delivering. This is a daunting task and might look foolish to the short-sighted, but this is the only sure-shot approach to succeeding. Going an extra mile all the time assures competence, professionalism, enthusiasm, drive and commitment all at the same time. So, in the longer term view, such people are sought after – and as per the basic law of demand and supply, the scarce commodity is priced higher than the readily available ones; therefore, you get to charge premium and clients still love to work with you.

Look at the big picture and keep outperforming. Dazzle everyone with your performance to win trust, to nurture relationships that last.

Impact of Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship is all about seeing opportunities. It’s also about creating opportunities, where everyone else just sees risks. It’s about perspective. It’s a mindset. After the credit crisis spiral, the world has seen a depression, the worst ever any working person has seen in his lifetime. It was bad. It is bad. Many analysts forecast a turnaround in this year, some skeptics seem unsure of even this suggesting that the remnants of this terrible disaster are going to haunt us for decades to come. As true as that might be, have you noticed that during these crises years, there have been many new millionaires around the world? Howcome people from the emerging markets are making their mark more and more amongst the richest people in this world?

It is about mindset. Once you start developing an ability to see the positives in and around yourself, you start noticing opportunities much faster than others do. Availing those opportunities makes you feel better about yourself and make others feel you’re better than them. What these people have difficulty coming to terms with is that it’s not about risks, it’s about calculated risks. Hence, these could be different for every person. Perhaps someone with a lot of engineering knowledge would find it easier to set up the factory floor operations, whereas someone who has only been associated with accounting might find it very risky. The same accountant could also see opportunity in what many others find risky.

The idea is to intentionally change your approach to looking at things, consciously looking out possible opportunities everywhere. After some time, you won’t have to make a conscious effort on the same and you’d look smarter.

The world out there is changing; for entrepreneurs, this is a blessing in disguise. Tomorrow belongs to those who work on them today.

Media: Yesterday & Today

Media is essentially anything that helps communication. Traditionally, news and entertainment media has been a one-way channel, for example, you would turn your radio or television and sit in front to see whatever they show you. Later on, things started to change with the onslaught of the range of schedules being published regularly, one could select when they wanted to see what the media wanted to show. Now, things have changed alot. Media is no more only about consumption. It’s a 3-way communication, not one way anymore.

Now, people want to consume, produce and share – a complete package. For instance, now various news televisions have websites where people can not only consume information about news and happenings the world over, but also comment on the same. They can also share the same news with their friends and social circles through various social networking websites such as facebook or even twitter it.